With the numerous points we have to choose from for our steroid injections most will find the glutes and lateral (side) deltoid head to be the most comfortable and convenient points of administration. Injection sites such as calves and traps are highly warned against; although in terms of adequate injection sites they are fine, they can produce a fair amount of pain in the individual. No matter where you choose to inject always practice sanitary methods; do not reuse needles or syringes, clean the area thoroughly before injection and always sterilize with alcohol beforehand.
Corticosteroids (or simply steroids) are synthetic drugs that mimic the action of cortisone, a natural hormone produced by the adrenal glands. Steroids are often used to reduce inflammation associated with various conditions such as arthritis, acne, asthma, and other health problems. They come in different preparations, including pills for oral intake, injections, which can be administered into the muscle, veins, or joints, as creams and ointments for topical use or as sprays for inhalation. Just like other drugs, steroids can cause side effects. One of the dreaded side effects of steroids is weight gain, especially when these medications are used for prolonged periods to treat chronic conditions.
Physicians limit the number of epidural steroid injections to a maximum of three to avoid systemic side effects of the steroids. Side effects are minimal and consist mainly of mild tenderness in the area of injection which disappears in 1-2 days. Success is dependant on the cause of the pain and how long the pain has existed. The sooner the treatment is instituted, the better are the chances of getting well. This treatment, along with analgesics and physical therapy has brought relief to thousands of patients, avoiding , in the majority of cases, the need for surgery.