Regulation of testicular steroidogenesis

Clinical and experimental studies are described on the effects of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist (A) and antagonist (Ant.) on testicular endocrine function. Testicular effects of long-term gonadotropin suppression by GnRH-A were assessed during treatment of prostatic cancer patients. The testis tissue removed after 6 months of A treatment had less than 5% of the testosterone(T)-producing capacity in comparison to testis tissue removed from untreated control patients. However, the LH receptors (R) and responsiveness of T output to LH stimulation in vitro were unchanged. FSH-R decreased by 70%. Hence, despite suppression of gonadotropins and testicular androgen production during long-term GnRH-A treatment the responsiveness to exogenous gonadotropins is maintained. The testicular effects of a gonadotropin suppression induced with GnRH-Ant. and testicular GnRH-R blockade were studied in rats. Besides decreases of gonadotropins and testicular T, systemic Ant. treatment decreased testicular Prl-R, but had no effect on LH-R or FSH-R. Bromocriptine-induced hypoprolactinemia, in contrast, decreased LH-R but had no effect on Prl-R. The results indicate reciprocal regulation of LH-R and Prl-R, and that testicular steroidogenesis and LH-R are under differential regulation, the former by LH, the latter by Prl. In another study, testicular GnRH-R, and consequently the action of a putative testicular GnRH-like factor, were blocked by unilateral intratesticular infusion of Ant. (1 week, Alzet osmotic pumps). The treatment resulted in 90% occupancy of testicular GnRH-R in the Ant.-infused testes, and this was associated with decreased levels of R for LH, FSH and Prl, and of T. The results indicated that the testicular GnRH-R have a physiological function in subtle stimulation of Leydig cell functions.

Tags: acute lymphoblastic leukemia acute myeloid leukemia chronic lymphocytic leukemia chronic myelogenous leukemia cutaneous t-cell lymphoma follicular lymphoma hodgkin lymphoma leukemia lymphoma mantle cell lymphoma multiple myeloma non-hodgkin lymphoma peripheral t-cell lymphoma small lymphocytic lymphoma myelofibrosis myeloproliferative neoplasms polycythemia vera bone marrow transplant stem cell transplant

Regulation of testicular steroidogenesis

regulation of testicular steroidogenesis


regulation of testicular steroidogenesisregulation of testicular steroidogenesisregulation of testicular steroidogenesisregulation of testicular steroidogenesisregulation of testicular steroidogenesis